Missouri state quick facts
|Nickname||Show Me State|
|Largest city||Kansas City|
The state of Missouri was named after a tribe of Sioux Indians of the state called the Missouris. The word "Missouri" means "wooden canoe people" or "he of the big canoe."
How did Missouri get its name?
Facts about Missouri state
Missouri borders eight other US States, more than any other state except Tennessee, which also borders eight states. Missouri shares land border with (Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska)
St. Louis, Missouri hosted the the first Olympic Games ever held outside of Europe. Chicago, Illinois originally won the bid to host the 1904 Olympics, but the organizers of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis began to plan for its own sports activities, threatening to eclipse the Olympic Games unless they were moved to St. Louis. Pierre de Coubertin gave in and moved the games to St. Louis. Milwaukee Athletic Club won gold medal in Men's tug of war.
Facts about Missouri state
The Gateway Arch in St. Louis is the tallest man-made national monument in the United States. It is 630 feet wide at its base and stands 630 feet tall. Visitors ride a tram to the observation room at the top. During a nationwide competition in 1947-48, architect Eero Saarinen's inspired design for a 630-foot stainless steel arch was chosen as a perfect monument to the spirit of the western pioneers. Completed on October 28, 1965, it sways up to one inch in a 20 mph wind, and is built to sway up to 18 inches.
Gateway to the West
Missouri is home to the most destructive tornado in U.S. history. The Tri-State tornado, which set down on March 18, 1925, killed 695 people, injured 2027 people, and demolished an estimated 15,000 homes throughout Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. Annapolis, Missouri, was 90 percent destroyed
Missouri is nicknamed 'The Cave State' because it has more than 6,000 known caves. Richland, Missouri, is the only city in the United States with a cave restaurant.
The Cave State
At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, the ice cream cone was invented. An ice cream vendor ran out of cups and asked a waffle vendor to help by rolling up waffles to hold ice cream. Also introduced at the fair were cotton candy, iced tea, and Dr Pepper.
Ice cream cone
The first successful parachute jump from a moving plane was made above the Jefferson Barracks military post, near St. Louis, on March 1, 1912. U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry climbed to 1,500 feet in a Benoist aircraft and jumped.
In the 1870s, Missouri’s Norton grape vines virtually saved the French wine industry. When the French vineyards suffered an infestation of phylloxera insects, millions of cuttings of Missouri’s Norton rootstock (that are immune to the insect were shipped to France and grafted onto French vines, saving the French wine industry from disaster. A monument in Montpelier, France, commemorates this rescue.
Missouri to the rescue
Harry S. Truman was the only Missouri-born person to become the President of the United States. His middle initial, S, did not stand for any name but was given as a compromise between the names of his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young.
Harry S. Truman
The most powerful earthquake to strike the United States occurred in 1811, centered in New Madrid. It shook more than one million square miles and was felt 1,000 miles away.
Quake of the century
The present Capitol completed in 1917 and occupied the following year is the third Capitol in Jefferson City and the sixth in Missouri history. The first seat of state government was housed in the Mansion House, Third and Vine Streets, St. Louis; the second was in the Missouri Hotel, Maine and Morgan Streets, also in St. Louis. St. Charles was designated as temporary capital of the state in 1821 and remained the seat of government until 1826 when Jefferson City became the permanent capital city.
Missouri state facts
On March 5, 1946, Sir Winston Churchill visited Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, as the Green Lecturer and delivered "Sinews of Peace," a message heard round the world and went down in history as the "Iron Curtain Speech."
Sinews of Peace (Iron Curtain Speech)
Lambert–St. Louis International Airport (STL) is the largest and busiest airport Missouri. It is named after Albert Bond Lambert, the golfer who was part of the American team which won the silver medal in golf in the 1904 Summer Olympics held in St. Louis